Periodontics literally means “around the teeth.” It is the part of dental care that deals with the supporting structures for the teeth such as the gingiva (gums), alveolar bone, cementum and the periodontal ligament. Untreated periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults.
What causes periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease usually begins with bacteria colonizing on or in the gums. It is exacerbated by an autoimmune or inflammatory process in many individuals and often results in bone loss in the jaw.
What can periodontal disease lead to?
Researchers now believe that periodontal disease can lead to serious system-wide failures such as a stroke, respiratory failure or kidney cancer in certain individuals.
What are some of the different periodontic treatments?
- Dental Implants
- Bone Grafts
- Sinus Lift
- Osseous Surgery
- Gum Grafting
- Scaling and Root Planing
- Crown Lengthening
- Tooth Extractions
- Root canal
How did the phrase “long in the tooth” originate?
Common signs of periodontal disease include red, swollen or sore gums, occasional bleeding (mainly during brushing or flossing), receding or separating gums (this is where the expression “long in the tooth” came from), loose or separating teeth, sores in the mouth, bad breath, or changes in your bite or the way dentures fit.
Am I required to be sedated during my periodontic treatment?
In accordance with your preferences, local anesthetic, nitrous oxide or full sedation may be used during periodontal treatments for your comfort and safety.
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